You might have googled it at least once in your life. Spotting is common to occur between periods but it is abnormal as it doesn’t align with the natural function of our body.
Why Am I Spotting Between My periods?
But it is important to understand first that what exactly is spotting. Spotting is very different from your regular periods. Spotting can be identified as very light bleeding that occurs after or before your due monthly menstrual cycle. The discharge can be red or brown in colour. This article will give you all the details that why does it occur and when to consider seeking medical help for the same.
Why does it happen?
If you have started any kind of hormonal birth control medication, patch, injection, vaginal ring or even IUD, it is common to have vaginal bleeding between the periods. But if the same is continued for a prolonged period of time say more than 3 – 4 months, you should consult the doctor for the same. It is also important to note that when we switch to different birth control, spotting can be noticed due to the same. It is usually due to progesterone pills, as even variation in time of taking the pill each day can result in spotting.
Emergency Contraception pills can also result in spotting as it disturbs the hormonal balance in our body system to ensure that the egg is not planted in the uterus.
During ovulation, the ovaries realise the egg and get prepared to open the fertility window for the sperm. During the process roughly after 10 to 20 days of your last period, one can experience spotting. There are various mobile applications available to keep track of ovulation if you are looking forward to reproducing. Some symptoms of ovulation might include – breast tenderness, bloating, increased sex drive and even a dull abdominal pain.
Stress can be really harmful to your body. Apart from changes in blood pressure and sugar levels in your body, it can affect the hormonal levels in your body by tampering the flow of your regular menstrual cycle. Physical and emotional stress is one of the biggest causes of spotting and other problems related to the reproductive glands like skipping periods or delay in periods. It is always advised to take up one activity that helps you release stress on a daily or weekly basis. Meditation every day can help to create balance provide strength to mind and body by regulating breathing and inducing positivity.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
It is a condition which causes multiple cysts to form in the ovaries. Along with spotting one faces other symptoms like acne, oily skin, weight gain and excessive hair growth. This happens due to the excessive amount of male hormones produced by the body.
Any kind of sexual assault or injury caused by rough sex can be a cause of spotting as well. It is important to understand the limits and respect one’s body and to know when to stop. Use of certain sex toys, if used without proper lubrication or if forced can lead to physical trauma that can be painful and can cause serious damage to the body. Our intimate areas are sensitive parts of our body and it is required that we take care of yourself. If you are facing any kind of physical abuse from your partner, it is important for you to talk to them or seek the help of law enforcement.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea are also responsible for spotting and inflammation. Unprotected sex is a major reasons for you to catch STIs and it is recommended that if there are any signs of infection like foul odor discharge or discomfort it is better to get checked by a doctor immediately. Vaginal or Uterus infections can be very harmful to your body and some can even result in miscarriages or difficulty in giving birth.
Spotting after getting pregnant is a sign of egg being implanted in the uterus and this is called implantation bleeding. It can occur a few days before your menstrual cycle being either pink or darker brown in color with symptoms like headaches, cramps or abdominal pain.
But if the bleeding occurs after the egg is implanted or after some weeks of getting pregnant, it might be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, where the fertilised egg is implanted in the fallopian tube rather than the uterus. In both cases, it is advisable to visit the doctor and get a thorough check-up done. This might be a sign of some complications with the pregnancy as well.
Bleeding is common when you have clinically aborted or have taken an abortion pill. Spotting can last for several weeks but if there is heavy flow it is important to consult the doctor. Although after abortion, the doctor gives you a complete list of changes that the body might go through and when it is time to revisit, if not it is important to ask about these changes to be mentally prepared.
Certain abdominal cancers like uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian and vaginal cancer can cause abnormal bleeding, spotting or vaginal discharge. Although chances of the same are slim one should be mindful to get professional help.
Spotting can be a sign of various risks for the body. It is important to understand the cause of spotting; hence it is necessary to keep a close eye on the medicines that you take and other symptoms that follow along with spotting. It is generally advised to take a pregnancy test if you experience spotting and you are not on any birth control. If the condition is prolonged for a longer period of time, one should consult the doctor and get a thorough check-up to detect infections or other diseases associated with spotting as early as possible. It is always better to have safe sex and not ignore any kind of uneasiness in the body.
The reproductive system of a woman is prone to various complications and one should be aware of how to take care of intimate areas. One can definitely take the help of a gynecologist to understand the basic care your body needs. It is also important to always share information with reliable information with your family and friends so they can also be precautious.